Locke insulators used in India

[Trade Journal]

Publication: Electrical Review

New York, NY, United States
vol. 47, no. 18, p. 657-660, col. 1-3

The Largest Hydroelectric Installation in Southern Asia - III

Electricity for Industri8al Purposes in India.

By A. C. Hobble




THE standard line construction makes use of composite poles consisting of a heavy seven-inch wrought-iron socket thirteen inches long with a seven by seven-inch Australian jarrah-wood top which is seventeen feet in length and is let into the iron socket a distance of twenty-one inches, thus making a pole twenty-eight and one-quarter feet long. The poles are set six feet into the ground and are spaced about 130 feet apart. The two Kolar transmission lines, consisting of 1/0 B. & S. copper wire arranged equilaterally with forty inches between wires, run parallel sixty feet apart and are supported on white porcelain insulators of Italian make having five petticoats. Iron pins are cemented into the insulators with Portland cement, and it has been observed that this is one of the causes of an occasional cracked insulator.


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Several poles have been rendered unserviceable by lightning strokes. This climate is very severe on wood exposed to the sun—causing "dry rot"—it being undoubtedly advisable (taking also the destructive white ant into consideration) to use iron poles and cross-arms. The slight advantage to be obtained by the use of wooden poles is more than offset by the trouble and cost of necessary renewals and their short life as compared with iron poles.

Profiting from the experience of using wooden poles and porcelain insulators with cemented iron pins on the two Kolar transmission lines, it was decided to use wrought-iron poles with iron cross-arms, and high-tension insulators with wooden-headed pins in the construction of the Bangalore-Sivasamudram transmission line. This line is sixty-two miles long and is composed of No. 5 B. & S. copper wires supported equilaterally forty inches apart on Locke brown porcelain insulators. The latter are eleven inches high and divided into three sections cemented one into the other. Each section forms one petticoat. The diameter of the large umbrella-shaped petticoat of the top section is eleven inches, the middle petticoat is six inches in diameter, and the bottom Petticoat five and one-half inches. An accompanying photograph illustrates the two types of insulators mounted on poles, the larger one being the Locke insulator. The latter has been tested at 100,000 volts at the factory. Thus provision has been made, by the use of these high-voltage insulators, for a future increase of the line pressure should occasion require.


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The Bangalore line rum parallel with the two Kolar lines and at one-third, of the distance between them as far as Kankanhalli station. This spacing leaves ample room for a fourth transmission line. 'pie poles are cylindrical, hollow, with one-fourth-inch thickness of metal and are divided into three lap-welded sections measuring six feet, eight feet and fourteen feet in length of top, middle and bottom sections respectively and with outside diameters of three inches, three and one-half inches, and four inches. The total length of the pole is twenty-eight feet. The cross-arm is a two and one-half by two and one-half-inch angle-iron about forty-four inches long. The insulators supporting the two lower wires are bolted to this angle-iron. The top insulator is bolted securely to a small angle-iron, which in turn is bolted inside of the top of the iron pole.


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Two section houses are located at such points on the Kolar lines as to divide them into three approximately equal sections. Each section house contains the necessary switching apparatus for either isolating or paralleling the sections of transmission line under its control. This is a most advantageous arrangement as only one-third of one line need be out of service at any one t