Publication: Scientific Proceedings of the Ohio Mechanics Institute
Cincinnati, OH, United States
PROCEEDINGS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND ARTS.
THE Department, which is entrusted with the scientific duties of the Ohio Mechanics' Institute, was organized January 5, 1881. Forty-six members were then enrolled. On January 26, By-Laws were adopted, and the following officers were chosen for the year: Chairman, Lewis M. Hosea; Corresponding Secretary, Nelson W. Perry, E. M.; Recording Secretary, John B. Heich.
A Committee was appointed to invite the members of the Cincinnati Chemical Society to become members of the Department, and to take part in establishing a Section of Chemistry.
Meeting of December 8.
The Chairman submitted an invitation from the Hemingray Glass Company, for the Department to visit their works, in Covington, Ky., on the 12th inst. This invitation was thankfully accepted.
An application was submitted from George Cumming, of New York, requesting the Department to pass upon the merits of the "Cumming Periphery Contact" for telegraph keys. This application was referred to the Section of Chemistry and Physics for preliminary examination.
Mr. L. M. Hosea read a paper on the "LOCOMOTIVE TRIAL AT RAINHILL," giving an historical sketch of early efforts in steam locomotion, and the final triumph over popular predjudice.
Committees were announced as follows :
On Lectures — Messrs. Clarke, Stanwood, Dudley, McMeekin, and Stuntz.
On Publishing — Messrs. Warder, Eddy, Stone, and Hosea.
PROCEEDINGS ON THE SECTION OF MECHANICS AND ENGINERING.
Preliminary meetings were held on February 12 and 24, 1881, when By-Laws were adopted, and the following officers were elected: Chairman, Prof. H. T. Eddy; Vice-Chairman, Col. P. P. Lane; Recording Secretary, James B. Stanwood; Corresponding Secretary, Robert Laidlaw.
Meeting of April 21.
A Committee to have charge of the programme for the regular meetings of the Section was announced by the Chairman.
Mr. Chas. B. McMeekin was appointed to represent the Section in the Lecture Committee.
Prof. Eddy read a paper upon "THE EARTH — ITS FORM AND SHAPE." Prof. Eddy explained how the earth's form resembles an orange, and the true form to which it approximates is denned as that which the earth would have were its surface all water. He explained how the true level varies in places, due to local attraction of large masses of matter, either upon the surface or of greater density beneath. As an example, if a canal could be excavated through a mountain range, so that the sea water could enter it, the water level would be higher at the center of the range than at the sea, due to this attraction of the mass of earth forming the mountains.
The next paper was by Mr. Daniel Ashworth, upon the "MANUFACTURE OF GLASS." This paper was illustrated by diagrams showing the construction of the furnace and pots used in melting the glass; also, the method of generating gas for fuel, and the means of conducting it to the furnaces. Mr. Ashworth exhibited a number of specimens of glass made at the Hemingray Glass Works in Covington, Ky.