Newfoundland Telegraphic Company

Grisborne Insulators


Publication: The Southern Recorder

Milledgeville, GA, United States
vol. XXXIII, no. 47, p. 24, col. 1



The progress of communication between portions of the world the most distant from each other is wonderful. A plan is now on foot for bringing London and New York within four or five days of each other, in the communication of intelligence. A company has been chartered by the British Colonial government, by the name of the Newfoundland Telegraphic Company, which has already commenced operations, for the construction of a Telegraphic line commencing at Cape Race, and touching at St. John's, crossing the Island of Newfoundland to Cape Ray, thence a submarine line of 140 miles crossing the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and landing at cape East on Prince Edward's Island. Traversing Prince Edward's Island, and going through the principal towns of that district, it again takes the ocean, and crossing Northumberland Straights by another submarine line of 10 miles, lands at Cape Tormentin in New Brunswick, and so on to the boundary of the United States, from whence, by an independent line to New York, the connection is completed. The total distance traveled by this line will be between 1400 and 1500 miles, of which 150 miles is submarine; and it is intended that this line shall be completed and perfectly ready for use early in the coming summer. For a large part of the line wrought iron posts will be used, and the new Insulator, recently invented by Mr. Grisborn [sic] Gisborne, and which has been the object of much attention both here and in Europe, will be used throughout the line. In the building of the line and the manufacture of materials, all that science and the many improvements that have been effected can do, to advance its completion and assist its durability and strength, have been employed. This line is intended to be used exclusively for the direct transmission of foreign intelligence, and when completed, the only unbroken link in telegraphic communications for many thousand miles will be the Atlantic Ocean. A new and admirable feature in the arrangements of this Company, is the being able to deliver a message at the Company's office in New York, for any place in the Old World to which the telegraph line extends, whilst messages may be delivered to its agents in Europe, and transmitted by the Newfoundland Telegraph Company over this Continent.

And measures are about to be taken to test the feasibility of extending a submarine line from Newfoundland to the Irish coast, and thus entirely overcoming the distance between Europe and America so that daily communication may be had between the old and new worlds. N. Y. Observer.


Researcher notes:The Dec. 1991 Crown Jewels article about Gisborne pictures an iron insulator that this article likely refers to.
Supplemental information:From "Canadian Encyclopedia" website: Frederick Newton Gisborne, telegraph engineer (b at Broughton, Eng 8 Mar 1824; d at Ottawa 30 Aug 1892). At the age of 32, Gisborne completed the first submarine telegraph line in North America, joining Newfoundland across the Cabot Strait with the mainland. Gisborne immigrated to Canada in 1845, became a telegraph operator and soon manager of the NS Telegraph Co. He created a company to link St John's with NB. Though nearly ruined in 1853 by the cost of building a land line across 640 km of Newfoundland wilderness, he was refinanced by Cyrus Field, the American industrialist. Together they completed the Nfld telegraph, from Cape Ray to Cape Breton, in 1856. Field went on to tackle the North Atlantic, succeeding in 1866 after 3 earlier cables broke. Gisborne became superintendent of the Canadian government telegraph service in 1879. He was a charter member of the RSC in 1882 and held many patents for his own inventions.
Researcher:Glenn Drummond
Date completed:July 16, 2009 by: Glenn Drummond;